M. Phil in political sociology from the University of Durham. Served as lecturer at the University of Durham, University College London, and University of Dar al-Salam University, and as senior associate fellow at Oxford University. He was a senior associate fellow at Berzeit University (Institute of Law, Institute of Development Studies, Institute of Women Studies), and a visiting scholar at Carnegie Institute (2008). He is a senior associate fellow at Muwatin (The Palestinian Institute for the Study of Democracy), at the Institute of Palestine Studies and at the Palestine Economic Policy Research Institute (MAS). He has published several books and numerous articles on poverty, democratization, civil society, social capital, Palestinian political parties and elites, socio-economic structure in West Bank and Gaza Strip, political polarization in Arab societies, and Palestinian youth movements.
Editor; The Arab-Israeli Conflict in the Light of Arab and Regional Changes (in Arabic), Institute of Palestine Studies, 2013.
Co-editor with Ilan Pappe’; Across the Wall: In Search of a Shared View of Palestinian-Israeli History,I.B. Taurus, 2010.
Editor; Where Now to Palestine; the Demise of the Two States Solution, Z Books, 2007.
The Palestinian Middle Class(in Arabic), The Palestinian Institute for the Study of Democracy, Ramallah (Muwatin), and Institute of Palestine Studies, Beirut, 2006.
The Palestinian Political System after Oslo (in Arabic); A Critical Assessment, The Palestinian Institute for the Study of Democracy (Muwatin), Ramallah, and Institute of Palestine Studies, Beirut, 1998. Re-published with an update in 2006.
The Formation of the Palestinian Elite: From the Palestinian National Movement to the Rise of the Palestinian Authority (in Arabic), the Palestinian Institute for the Study of Democracy (Muwatin), 2002.
Israel’s Economic Strategy in the Middle East(in Arabic). Institute of Palestine Studies, Beirut, 1995.